Various other fonts you can move or remove. Do you need a font manager? What is a font suitcase and why do we have them? What are they and which is which? External vs.
What is a font conflict? Are you a good font, or a bad font? Fonts you can and cannot use in macOS. Font manager reviews. How to handle font caches. Font What to do in font emergencies. Determining if fonts are causing problems with applications. Reinstalling your macOS supplied fonts. I first want to mention the notation of file locations. By 'notation' I am referring to the path name. This should help novice computer users and those unfamiliar with standard notation to learn how to navigate to the folders mentioned throughout this article.
I can't tell you exactly what the path to your home account looks like since I don't know your short user name , so here are some handy notes of reference. A file specification is the entire path from the root of the volume it resides on to the end of the file name. For example, here is the file specification for the Terminal application:. This is known as a hierarchical file specification in geek terminology, but it's called a canonical filename for short.
The following words: I use them interchangeably throughout this article. This section examines each of the various macOS releases El Capitan These lists also include the fonts most needed for the web, iLife and iWork. The fonts listed should always be active on your Macintosh for macOS and should not be removed.
From the font lists below, the San Francisco font set is used throughout the system font display purposes. This set, and the fonts HelveticaNeueDeskInterface. You will need Administrative access to delete fonts from this folder.
It is advised to save them for future use. Create a new folder on your hard drive and copy them there first. See section 6 on how to permanently remove Apple's supplied versions of Helvetica and Helvetica Neue in El Capitan, El Capitan Other than those fonts the OS absolutely requires to function, when it comes to the fonts you prefer to have on your system there is no right or wrong list.
My idea of required fonts is based on years in prepress. So like most shops, the number of fonts throughout the system is kept to a minimum in the effort to make sure you will never have a conflict with the fonts a client sends with their project. Actually, the prepress and full service printers I've worked and freelanced for usually have a much shorter list than even those presented here.
Sometimes the barest minimum of fonts they can get away with and still have the OS function. Such shops normally have no unnecessary software installed on their work stations; just what's needed to get production work done. This bare minimum setup has some advantage, but you will then be missing many fonts commonly used on the web.
What then happens is that your browser ends up substituting the missing fonts with whatever font is available. The result is that web pages will display so badly at times that it can be difficult or even impossible to navigate them. The bare minimum setup also lacks many fonts that Apple supplied applications require to operate. So for most users having only the bare minimum fonts on your system is not recommended.
You can find many different web sites telling you what the minimum font installation for each macOS release should be. Each site has its own reasons for including some fonts that I do not, and others don't include fonts I think should be active. My main decision making was to run every application the OS ships with and many major third party applications, seeing what wouldn't work if a particular font were missing.
The end result is the list of fonts you find here. It's a compromise between the Spartan set most prepress shops use, and what a more fully functional OS needs along with proper display of web pages. Hopefully each is organized into its own paragraph, but no promises. Readers who have followed this article for some time will note that Times and Symbol have been added to the required font lists. They were excluded before since this article was originally intended as a guide for prepress, when the article was also much shorter in length. For that reason, Courier has been added back into the minimum font lists for the System folder.
As with Times and Symbol, remove Courier if it interferes with your need to use a PostScript version. Users should be aware that not all font managers, and possibly other utilities, will list font names exactly as you see them here. For example, Suitcase Fusion's interface lists Keyboard and Helvetica Neue Desk UI as having a period preceding their names those come from the font's internal names.
Font Book also hides some fonts in its listings from the user in Snow Leopard and later, such as LastResort and Keyboard. But you shouldn't be removing those fonts anyway. They do not conflict with Apple's Helvetica fonts, so you don't have to fight with the OS supplied fonts as to which ones are active. Use Type 1 PostScript when you have to accurately reproduce a standing older project see section 6 if this applies to you. One thing to be aware of when you disable Apple's Helvetica. This is because a. The following list is based on High Sierra. Helvetica Neue: Adobe, Microsoft and possibly other third party vendors have not.
See the minimum font list for El Capitan for more information.
Apple's Grapher program is not something normally used in prepress, which relies on the fonts Times and Symbol. As clients frequently use other versions of Times and Symbol, the Apple supplied versions can be excluded from the lists below if you need them out of the way. See section 3 for more on Grapher. Also since Lion, a Terminal command named fontrestore has existed, which attempts move all third party fonts out of the System, main Library, and the active user account Fonts folders. When the Terminal command is run, it produces this "error" message: These fonts are not part of the default system install.
They would have been removed to 'Fonts Removed ': The message is wrong since a default install of El Capitan through Mojave will install these files. When run, it does indeed remove the MM fonts.
Proof enough for me they're dead. For this reason, they are no longer included in the list of required fonts in El Capitan or later. The initial purpose for these fonts was to duplicate the Adobe Reader's built in MM fonts for use in Preview. It should also be noted that this command does not restore all fonts installed by macOS you may have removed from the System or root Library folders.
What is does restore are System and root Library fonts you may have removed that also exist in the hidden Recovery partition. This is a very incomplete set. Some will come back, but most won't. The command also removes fonts which are not part of the macOS original installation. The active user account Fonts folder gets emptied out. To make your user account Library folder permanently visible, open your user account by double clicking the icon of the house within the Users folder. It must be the active folder in the Finder in order for this to work.
There will be a check at the bottom labeled Show Library Folder. If the correct user account folder is not open and selected, you will not see this check box. The following lists, arranged by the release level of Apple's desktop OS, are the minimum recommended fonts.
To install any new font manually in OS X Mountain Lion, drag its icon into one of the two Fonts folders that you have access to. Why might you want to install. Hey guys, I've recently upgraded my late Macbook Pro to Mountain Lion, and now I can't seem to install fonts. Two scenarios happen.
They represent the minimum number of fonts that allow all macOS supplied apps, and most third party apps to work. The latter being limited to what I can test. Always save copies of all installed macOS fonts before proceeding.
If there are apps you use that will not launch after reducing your fonts to these lists, enable the copied fonts one at a time with your font manager or just temporarily move or copy them into the Fonts folder of your user account and test the app again. Keep adding until the app launches successfully. Permanently add that font back to the system. Or, parts of them will not display properly. Such testing is sometimes more involved than that. For instance, the early release of Microsoft Office would not reliably launch unless HelveticaNeue.
Any time you manually remove fonts, you should clear the font cache files from the system. Remove all fonts first, then see section 17 for instructions.
A check box in the Advanced preference settings allows you to determine if items removed from the interface also removes the associated fonts. If the suitcase contains 30 fonts, it will open 30 separate tags in RAM. An observant reader noted that Avenir is required for Maps. Fortunately, this turned out to be much easier than I expected. Understanding terminology used in this article.
The method using Terminal at the bottom of that section is the easiest. If you use Font Book, you should reset its database section 7. In the attempt of being verbose, the System font lists were getting rather lengthy. To greatly shorten them, I've condensed the San Francisco fonts to one line.